Researchers at the University of Auckland found that people who were injected with a vaccine against meningitis B during a New Zealand immunization program between 2004 and 2006 were about 30 per cent less likely to contract gonorrhea than a control group.
Concerns have been growing over "untreatable" strains of gonorrhoea, and in 2012, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control warned that drug-resistant forms of the STI were spreading across Europe.
As drug resistance spreads, doctors are diagnosing more and more cases that can not be treated by antibiotics, making it a major public health concern. They develop resistance to drugs by transferring genes in atypical ways and recombining with related bacterial species.
"We need to understand what was magical about this vaccine", Petousis-Harris says. "But now there's hope", she added. In the absence of a vaccine, the government requested help from the World Health Organization to "tailor-make" one.
The New Zealand vaccine is no longer available, but the same membrane-attacking component has been incorporated in a new vaccine targeting a broad range of group B Neisseria meningitidis. "If the 4CMenB vaccine, which is now available in many countries, is shown to have a similar effect to the MeNZB vaccine, then administering it in adolescent immunisation programmes could result in declines in gonorrhoea", co-author of the study, Professor Steven Black, Cincinnati Children's Hospital, concluded. Despite being very different in symptoms and mode of transmission, there is a genetic match of up to 90 per cent between gonorrhoea and meningitis bacteria.
The 11 participating clinics had 15,067 individuals - 15,090 with chlamydia, 1,759 with gonorrhea, and 1,329 with both - over the study period from 2004 through 2014.
Petousis-Harris and her co-researchers, who had access to a database recording events during the meningococcal B outbreak, set to work testing his hypothesis. "About one-third of those vaccinated were protected", Petousis-Harris said. For now, the best way to protect yourself against gonorrhoea, chlamydia and other STIs is to always use a condom during vaginal, oral and anal sex.
"This is exactly what we saw", Petousis-Harris wrote in an email.
The researchers also discovered that vaccinated people were significantly less likely to become infected with gonorrhea than people who had not received the vaccine: 41% vs. 51%. This is a 13% increase from the previous year. As the New Scientist magazine speculates, if the biological mechanism is discovered, we may see a sudden drop in gonorrhoea cases in 20 years' time.
If left untreated, gonorrhoea can lead to complications such as pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy and infertility.
The importance of preventing people developing a gonorrhoea infection is of mounting importance as the infection is getting much harder to treat.
The study was supported by GSK Vaccines (formerly Novartis Vaccines and Diagnostics). WHO is now strengthening laboratory and epidemiological surveillance systems in the countries of the African meningitis belt to detect and characterize the serogroups responsible for epidemics to guide its response effectively; assure supplies of effective drugs and ability of health care systems to deliver these to the affected populations; protect the population at risk through mass immunization, if the vaccine is available.
"These findings are encouraging", Rhyne said.
The findings should "reinvigorate" gonorrhea vaccine research, commented Kate Seib, PhD, of Griffiths University in Gold Coast, Australia. This would be the first time that any vaccine has offered protection against gonorrhoea, according to their study published yesterday in The Lancet.
The current meningitis B vaccine (Bexsero) is available in several countries and also targets the outer membrane vesicle, as well as three other antigens, the authors noted. "It doesn't kill, but it maims". "This is really a universal issue", he said.
Le Pen denies the charges against her, but is now under active investigation concerning the appropriation of at least €5m ($5.4m). The charges were confirmed by Mr Rodolphe Bosselut, Ms Le Pen's lawyer, in an interview with the BFMTV news channel on Friday.
Even if he's healthy enough to play at Wimbledon, his lack of preparation on grass prior to the event is a concern. Aches and pains are nothing new for Murray, or for any professional tennis player, but the timing is inopportune.
When the incident happened the medical team took some time to arrive but once they reached she was treated on the field. Mattek-Sands previously suffered a torn MCL in her right knee in September 2013.
The petitioners needed at least eight votes from the Supreme Court to nullify the martial law proclamation in Mindanao. "... He added that with the decision, the SC also became complicit with the abuses being committed under Duterte's martial law.
When he left for hospital, he was also wearing a sling. "Apart from a few abrasions and some lacerations he's doing fine". Cavendish was taken to hospital with hand and shoulder injuries. "He came to me and I had to defend".
However, the front office is said to prioritize shooting , which is an area the former Pistons guard could desperately improve. Caldwell-Pope's -1.4 nERD would position him 5th among Lakers players now locked in for the 2017-18 season.
This system dynamically created orcs in Sauron's army that had their own unique names, strengths, and weaknesses. This is great news for anyone that had grown an attachment to their friend and foe during Shadow of Mordor .
Crude oil prices have been below $50 per barrel since April, and the US oil rig count is at 758 - a three-year high. The average national gas price Thursday was $2.24, five cents lower than it was at the same time previous year .
Paul said he and his one-time rival for the GOP presidential nomination share a "conservative vision" for revamping health care. Assuming that all 48 Democrats vote against the bill, the bill will fail if any three Republicans refuse to support the bill.
In addition, all Halo games that released on Xbox 360 will become backward compatible later this year for Xbox One. While 343 Industries made note of this, they were clear that they are not announcing a Halo 3: Anniversary game.
Worldpay & Vantiv Reach Agreement In Principle On Merger Terms
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Trump blasts states for not giving up data
The Louisiana Democratic Party said political groups and other entities typically pay $5,000 for that information. "We do not feel like there is any evidence whatsoever of mass voter fraud in the state of Utah", said Cox.
Jay Z-Kanye West: Tidal Wave Goodbye Follows Money Feud
Jay-Z is now a major shareholder in the company, along with Sprint, which purchased 33 percent of Tidal in January 2017. The issue was not resolved amicably, apparently, and Tidal has now threatened to sue him for breach of contract .
Jagga Jasoos Trailer Out: Featuring Ranbir and Katrina
Ranbir Kapoor , lead actor and producer of the musical drama, says the director has maintained the sanctity of the movie. Anurag Basu's directorial, " Jagga Jasoos " began its production in 2014 with actors Ranbir Kapoor and Katrina Kaif .
House backs bills targeting illegal immigration
He said that Steinle needlessly died, and that sanctuary policies send a message that immigration laws can be ignored. While both bills are likely to pass in the House, it is unclear what fate awaits this legislation in the U.S.
Crews gain control of Southern California's Placerita Fire
The Utah fire began near the ski resort town of Brian Head , generally known for weekend getaway homes for Las Vegas residents. Overnight, hand crews, backed by bulldozers, were going to try to get more line around the fire to stop it from spreading.